Worldwide incidence of hip fracture in elderly women: relation to consumption of animal and vegetable foods.

Hip fracture, a major health problem in elderly persons, varies in incidence among the populations of different countries and is directly related to animal protein intake, a finding that suggests that bone integrity is compromised by endogenous acid production consequent to the metabolism of animal proteins. If that is so, vegetable foods might provide a countervailing effect, because they are a rich source of base (bicarbonate) in the form of metabolizable organic anions, which can neutralize protein-derived acid and supply substrate (carbonate) for bone formation.

Nutrient Profiles of Vegetarian and Nonvegetarian Dietary Patterns.


Differences in nutrient profiles between vegetarian and nonvegetarian dietary patterns reflect nutritional differences that can contribute to the development of disease.


Our aim was to compare nutrient intakes between dietary patterns characterized by consumption or exclusion of meat and dairy products.

Trends in intake of energy and macronutrients--United States, 1971-2000.

During 1971-2000, the prevalence of obesity in the United States increased from 14.5% to 30.9%. Unhealthy diets and sedentary behaviors have been identified as the primary causes of deaths attributable to obesity. Evaluating trends in dietary intake is an important step in understanding the factors that contribute to the increase in obesity.

Of principles and pens: attitudes and practices of medicine housestaff toward pharmaceutical industry promotions.

Little is known about the factors that influence housestaff attitudes toward pharmaceutical industry promotions or, how such attitudes correlate with physician behaviors. We studied these attitudes and practices among internal medicine housestaff.

Confidential surveys about attitudes and behaviors toward industry gifts were distributed to 1st- and 2nd-year residents at a university-based internal medicine residency program.

Pharmaceutical representatives in academic medical centers: interaction with faculty and housestaff.

To determine the nature, frequency and effects of internal medicine housestaff and faculty contacts with pharmaceutical representatives(PRs).

The authors surveyed internal medicine faculty at seven midwest teaching hospitals and housestaff from two of the teaching programs. The survey asked about type and frequency of contacts with PRs and behavior that might be related to these contacts. T-tests and logistic regression were used to estimate the relationship between reported physician contacts and behavioral changes.

Nutrition training in graduate medical (residency) education: a survey of selected training programs.

Because limited information exists about nutrition training of residents, we studied the teaching practices of nationally recognized nutrition programs. Two hundred thirty-eight nutrition educators and 787 residency-program directors identified 160 institutions with strong nutrition training. The 23 highest-ranked programs were surveyed and 7 were visited.


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