Osteoporosis

Should dairy be recommended as part of a healthy vegetarian diet? Counterpoint.

Although cow milk has been widely recommended in Western countries as necessary for growth and bone health, evidence collected during the past 20 y shows the need to rethink strategies for building and maintaining strong bones. Osteoporotic bone fracture rates are highest in countries that consume the most dairy, calcium, and animal protein. Most studies of fracture risk provide little or no evidence that milk or other dairy products benefit bone.

Consequences of a plant-based diet with low dairy consumption on intake of bone-relevant nutrients.

OBJECTIVE:This study examines the extent to which a plant-based dietary intervention that discourages consumption of dairy products and meat influences bone-relevant nutrients. METHODS:A randomized controlled study design was used to evaluate the Coronary Health Improvement Project. The Project is a heart disease prevention intervention administered in an intensive 40-hour educational course delivered over a 4-week period. Participants were evaluated at baseline, 6 weeks, and 6 months.

Effect of vegetarian diets on bone mineral density: a Bayesian meta-analysis.

BACKGROUND:The association between vegetarian diets and bone mineral density (BMD) is controversial because of conflicting findings from previous studies. OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to estimate the effect of vegetarian diets on BMD by using a meta-analytic approach. DESIGN:A systematic electronic literature search was conducted to identify all relevant articles on the association between vegetarian diet and BMD. Nine studies of 2749 subjects (1880 women and 869 men) were included in the analysis.

[Effect of vitamin D supplementation on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and bone turnover markers concentrations in vegetarian children].

PURPOSE:Vitamin D plays a key role in bone mineralization by regulating calcium and phosphate metabolism. Deficiency of this vitamin may lead to disturbances in bone metabolism as well as to osteopenia and osteoporosis. AIM:1. Assessment of daily intake of calcium and vitamin D in children on vegetarian diet. 2. Measurement of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and biochemical bone turnover markers levels in vegetarian children supplemented with calcium and vitamin D, before and after the intervention.

The association between high plasma homocysteine levels and lower bone mineral density in Slovak women: the impact of vegetarian diet.

BACKGROUND:A long-term vegetarian diet is generally poor in vitamin B group. The lack of vitamin B(12) together with vitamin B(6) and folate deficiency is closely related to homocysteine metabolism. Hyperhomocysteinemia was found to be associated with increased bone turnover markers and increased fracture risk. Thus, hyperhomocysteinemia, vitamin B(12) and folate deficiency may be regarded as novel risk factors for micronutrient deficiency-related osteoporosis. AIM OF THE STUDY:To assess the possible impact of a vegetarian diet on bone mineral density in cohort of Slovak vegetarian women.

The influence of vegan diet on bone mineral density and biochemical bone turnover markers.

INTRODUCTION:Vegetarian diets can be healthy when they are well balanced and if a variety of foods is consumed. However, elimination of animal products from the diet (vegan diets) decreases the intake of some essential nutrients and may influence the bone metabolism. This is especially important in childhood and adolescence, when growth and bone turnover are most intensive. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of vegan diet on bone density (BMD) density and serum concentrations of bone metabolism markers.

Diet-dependent net endogenous acid load of vegan diets in relation to food groups and bone health-related nutrients: results from the German Vegan Study.

BACKGROUND/AIMS:Dietary composition has been shown to affect acid-base homeostasis and bone health in humans. We investigated the potential renal acid load (PRAL) and the estimated diet-dependent net acid load (net endogenous acid production, NEAP) in adult vegans and evaluated the relationships between NEAP, food groups and intake of bone health-related nutrients. METHODS:The German Vegan Study (GVS) is a cross-sectional study.

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Osteoporosis