Nutrient Profiles of Various Diets

Unrestricted Paleolithic Diet is Associated with Unfavorable Changes to Blood Lipids in Healthy Subjects

The Paleolithic (Paleo) diet is one modeled after the perceived food consumption of early human ancestors of the Paleolithic Era, consisting of mainly meat, fish, fruit, vegetables, eggs, and nuts. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a Paleo diet on blood lipids, including high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), non-HDL cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), and the ratio between TC and HDL (TC/HDL) in a healthy population.

Calcium and Vitamin D Disparities Are Related to Gender, Age, Race, Household Income Level, and Weight Classification but Not Vegetarian Status in the United States: Analysis of the NHANES 2001-2008 Data Set.

Objective: Adequate calcium and vitamin D intakes are critical during all life cycle stages.

Worldwide incidence of hip fracture in elderly women: relation to consumption of animal and vegetable foods.

BACKGROUND:
Hip fracture, a major health problem in elderly persons, varies in incidence among the populations of different countries and is directly related to animal protein intake, a finding that suggests that bone integrity is compromised by endogenous acid production consequent to the metabolism of animal proteins. If that is so, vegetable foods might provide a countervailing effect, because they are a rich source of base (bicarbonate) in the form of metabolizable organic anions, which can neutralize protein-derived acid and supply substrate (carbonate) for bone formation.

Five-year survival rates of melanoma patients treated by diet therapy after the manner of Gerson: a retrospective review.

OBJECTIVE:
Compare 5-year melanoma survival rates to rates in medical literature.

DESIGN:
Retrospective.

SETTING:
Hospital in Tijuana, Mexico.

PATIENTS:
White adult patients (N = 153) with superficial spreading and nodular melanoma, aged 25-72 years.

Nutrient Profiles of Vegetarian and Nonvegetarian Dietary Patterns.

BACKGROUND:

Differences in nutrient profiles between vegetarian and nonvegetarian dietary patterns reflect nutritional differences that can contribute to the development of disease.

OBJECTIVE:

Our aim was to compare nutrient intakes between dietary patterns characterized by consumption or exclusion of meat and dairy products.

Trends in intake of energy and macronutrients--United States, 1971-2000.

During 1971-2000, the prevalence of obesity in the United States increased from 14.5% to 30.9%. Unhealthy diets and sedentary behaviors have been identified as the primary causes of deaths attributable to obesity. Evaluating trends in dietary intake is an important step in understanding the factors that contribute to the increase in obesity.

Changing from a mixed diet to a Scandinavian vegetarian diet: effects on nutrient intake, food choice, meal pattern and cooking methods.

Twenty healthy, non-smoking, normal-weight omnivores volunteered for a nutrition counselling programme and changed from a mixed to a Scandinavian lactovegetarian diet. Dietary surveys were performed before and 3, 6 and 12 months after the dietary shift. The major trends when changing from a mixed diet to a lactovegetarian diet included an increase in the consumption of fruits, berries, vegetables, herbal tea and dairy products, and a decrease in the intake of biscuits and buns, sweets, alcoholic beverages, coffee and tea.

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