Heart Disease and Stroke

Effects of stress management training and dietary changes in treating ischemic heart disease.

To evaluate the short-term effects of an intervention that consists of stress management training and dietary changes in patients with ischemic heartdisease (IHD), we compared the cardiovascular status of 23 patients who received this intervention with a randomized control group of 23 patient who did not.

Angina pectoris and atherosclerotic risk factors in the multisite cardiac lifestyle intervention program.

Cardiovascular symptom relief is a major indicator for revascularization procedures. To examine the effects of intensive lifestyle modification on symptom relief, we investigated changes in angina pectoris, coronary risk factors, quality of life, and lifestyle behaviors in patients with stable coronaryartery disease enrolled in the multisite cardiac lifestyle intervention program, an ongoing health insurance-covered lifestyle intervention conducted at 22 sites in the united states.

Intensive lifestyle changes for reversal of coronary heart disease.

CONTEXT:
The Lifestyle Heart Trial demonstrated that intensive lifestyle changes may lead to regression of coronary atherosclerosis after 1 year.

OBJECTIVES:
To determine the feasibility of patients to sustain intensive lifestyle changes for a total of 5 years and the effects of these lifestylechanges (without lipid-lowering drugs) on coronary heart disease.

DESIGN:
Randomized controlled trial conducted from 1986 to 1992 using a randomized invitational design.

Low Protein Intake Is Associated with a Major Reduction in IGF-1, Cancer, and Overall Mortality in the 65 and Younger but Not Older Population

Mice and humans with growth hormone receptor/IGF-1 deficiencies display major reductions in age-related diseases. Because protein restriction reduces GHR-IGF-1 activity, we examined links between protein intake and mortality. Respondents aged 50–65 reporting high protein intake had a 75% increase in overall mortality and a 4-fold increase in cancer death risk during the following 18 years. These associations were either abolished or attenuated if the proteins were plant derived.

Vegetarian diets and cardiovascular risk factors in black members of the Adventist Health Study-2.

To compare cardiovascular risk factors between vegetarians and non-vegetarians in black individuals living in the USA.

DESIGN:

A cross-sectional analysis of a sub-set of 592 black women and men enrolled in the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) cohort of Seventh-day Adventists.

SETTING:

Members of the AHS-2 cohort, who lived in all states of the USA and provinces of Canada.

SUBJECTS:

Black/African-American members of two sub-studies of AHS-2 where blood and physiological measurements were obtained.

Vegetarian Diets and Blood Pressure: A Meta - analysis

IMPORTANCE Previous studies have suggested an association between vegetarian diets and lower blood pressure (BP), but the relationship is not well established. OBJECTIVE To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials and observational studies that have examined the association between vegetarian diets and BP. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE and Web of Science were searched for articles published in English from 1946 to October 2013 and from 1900 to November 2013, respectively.

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