Heart Disease and Stroke - Dietary Interventions

Dietary interventions with heart disease patients

Plant-Based Nutrition: An Essential Component of Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Management.

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to summarize and discuss the role of plant-based nutrition as an adjunct to the management of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Discussion of nutrition and the benefits of a plant-based diet should be highlighted during healthcare provider visits as an essential part of the overall CVD prevention and management care plan. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence from prospective cohort studies indicates that a high consumption of predominantly plant-based foods, such as fruit and vegetables, nuts, and whole grains, is associated with a significantly lower risk of CVD.

Effects of Vegetarian Diets on Blood Lipids: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

BACKGROUND:

Vegetarian diets exclude all animal flesh and are being widely adopted by an increasing number of people; however, effects on blood lipid concentrations remain unclear. This meta-analysis aimed to quantitatively assess the overall effects of vegetarian diets on blood lipids.

C-reactive protein response to a vegan lifestyle intervention

This brief lifestyle intervention, including a vegan diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains and various legumes, nuts and seeds, significantly improved health risk factors and reduced systemic inflammation as measured by circulating CRP. The degree of improvement was associated with baseline CRP such that higher levels predicted greater decreases. The interaction between gender and baseline CRP was significant and showed that males with higher baseline CRP levels appeared to have a more robust decrease in CRP due to the intervention than did their female counterparts.

Plant-Based, No-Added-Fat or American Heart Association Diets: Impact on Cardiovascular Risk in Obese Children with Hypercholesterolemia and Their Parents

OBJECTIVE:
To perform a randomized trial to determine whether there is cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk reduction from a plant-based (PB), no-added-fat diet and the American Heart Association (AHA) diet in children.

Effects of stress management training and dietary changes in treating ischemic heart disease.

To evaluate the short-term effects of an intervention that consists of stress management training and dietary changes in patients with ischemic heartdisease (IHD), we compared the cardiovascular status of 23 patients who received this intervention with a randomized control group of 23 patient who did not.

Angina pectoris and atherosclerotic risk factors in the multisite cardiac lifestyle intervention program.

Cardiovascular symptom relief is a major indicator for revascularization procedures. To examine the effects of intensive lifestyle modification on symptom relief, we investigated changes in angina pectoris, coronary risk factors, quality of life, and lifestyle behaviors in patients with stable coronaryartery disease enrolled in the multisite cardiac lifestyle intervention program, an ongoing health insurance-covered lifestyle intervention conducted at 22 sites in the united states.

Intensive lifestyle changes for reversal of coronary heart disease.

CONTEXT:
The Lifestyle Heart Trial demonstrated that intensive lifestyle changes may lead to regression of coronary atherosclerosis after 1 year.

OBJECTIVES:
To determine the feasibility of patients to sustain intensive lifestyle changes for a total of 5 years and the effects of these lifestylechanges (without lipid-lowering drugs) on coronary heart disease.

DESIGN:
Randomized controlled trial conducted from 1986 to 1992 using a randomized invitational design.

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