Behavior Change / Adherence

Vegetarian and weight-loss diets among young adults.

OBJECTIVE:Young adults frequently experiment with vegetarian and weight-loss diets. Comparisons of their experiences on these two different diets may help in the development of approaches to improve long-term adherence to weight-loss regimens. In the current study vegetarian and weight-loss diets were compared on how long and how strictly they were followed, and reasons why they were initiated and discontinued.

Maintaining Vegetarian Diets Personal Factors, Social Networks and Environmental Resources.

This study was designed to investigate factors influencing the maintenance of a vegetarian diet. An interpretivist approach and qualitative research methods were used in the study design. Nineteen vegetarians from a metropolitan area in Western New York State were purposefully recruited using snowball sampling to participate in in-depth interviews. Respondents varied in age, gender and type and duration of vegetarian diet, although the sample was predominantly middle-aged, middle-class and female and had ties to community groups.

Attitudes towards following meat, vegetarian and vegan diets: an examination of the role of ambivalence.

Vegetarianism within the U.K. is growing in popularity, with the current estimate of 7% of the population eating a vegetarian diet. This study examined differences between the attitudes and beliefs of four dietary groups (meat eaters, meat avoiders, vegetarians and vegans) and the extent to which attitudes influenced intentions to follow each diet. In addition, the role of attitudinal ambivalence as a moderator variable was examined. Completed questionnaires were obtained from 111 respondents (25 meat eaters, 26 meat avoiders, 34 vegetarians, 26 vegans).

Characteristics of vegetarian adolescents in a multiethnic urban population.

PURPOSE:To examine the prevalence of adolescents' vegetarianism in a multiethnic, urban population, and its correlates with demographic, personal, weight-related, and behavioral factors. METHODS:Self-report and anthropometric data were collected from a representative sample of 4746 adolescents from 31 public middle schools and high schools in the Twin Cities area of Minnesota. Students answered questions concerning vegetarianism, food and weight, and health behaviors. Height and weight were directly measured.

Perceptions and practices of self-defined current vegetarian, former vegetarian, and nonvegetarian women.

OBJECTIVE:To assess the diversity of vegetarians' dietary practices and how they change over time, and to explore perceptions of meat and dairy products among vegetarians, former vegetarians, and nonvegetarians. DESIGN:Cross-sectional survey; qualitative interviews with a subsample. SUBJECTS/SETTING:Ninety self-defined current vegetarian, 35 former vegetarian and 68 nonvegetarian women in Vancouver, British Columbia. A subsample of 15 subjects completed qualitative interviews.

Veganism as status passage: the process of becoming a vegan among youths in Sweden.

In a town in northern Sweden, 3.3% of the 15-year-old adolescents were vegans in 1996. This study describes the process of becoming a vegan among adolescents and interprets the informants' descriptions by constructing categories, which later on were related to relevant theories. Group interviews were conducted with three vegans and in-depth interviews were performed with three other vegan adolescents. The methodology was grounded theory and the adolescents' perceptions were analyzed in the framework of symbolic interactionism.

Benefits and barriers to the consumption of a vegetarian diet in Australia.

OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to examine consumers' perceived benefits and barriers to the consumption of a vegetarian diet. DESIGN:Survey (written questionnaire) that included questions on perceived benefits and barriers to the consumption of a vegetarian diet. SETTING:South Australia. SUBJECTS:Six hundred and one randomly selected South Australians. RESULTS:The main perceived barriers to adopting a vegetarian diet were enjoying eating meat and an unwillingness to alter eating habits.

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